The NICTA is an independent regulatory authority established through the NICTA Act 2009 (Act). NICTA is the primary regulator of the ICT industry in Papua New Guinea with specific focus on telecommunications, radiocommunications and broadcasting.

The functions and powers of NICTA are set out in Part II of the Act. The primary objective of the Act is to ensure that the ICT industry contributes to the greatest extent possible the long term economic and social development of Papua New Guinea.